In this post we will continue talking about the IPv4 protocol.
As you probably know, a host can acquire an IP address either by using a static or dynamic configuration. Usually static addressing is used with servers, printers or network equipment while dynamic addressing is used with hosts. It is a time consuming method to assign static IPs to computers or laptops in a network that’s why a dynamic configuration service is used, like DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol).
We will talk about DHCP in a a future post, for know you’ll have to know that this protocol is used for dynamic addressing.
When you use static configuration, you’ll have to manually assign a device the IP address, gateway, mask address and DNS servers (preferred and alternate). On a Microsoft Windows machine, to assign static IP configuration go to Control Panel, Network and Internet, Network Connection. Select your desired connection, right click, Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4) and then press Properties. The network configuration panel will appear and here you’ll have to add IP addresses.: